One of the birth control methods is taking oral birth control pills to prevent pregnancy.
These hormonal pills are used for fertility control.
This birth control method is also known as oral contraception.
In this post, the principles of birth control pills have been talked about, to give relevant information for preventing pregnancy.
Also, here you will find the answer to the frequently asked questions such as “which birth control pill is best for me?”.
To prevent pregnancy, a woman may choose hormone-based methods such as,
- Birth control pills
- Vaginal rings
- Injectable contraceptives.
Another less effective contraceptive way to prevent getting pregnant is using condoms.
Using condoms can also reduce the risk of getting sexually transmitted diseases.
Which is the best birth control pill for me?
There are three different types of birth control pills as follows.
- Combined that has both estrogen and progestin (2 hormones)
- Progestogen-only or mini pills that contain only the hormone progesterone (progestins).
- Extended cycle pills
A Combined contraceptive pill works by way of suppressing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus.
The most well-known combination birth control pills are:
- Ortho Tri-Cyclen
While progestogen-only pills work by reducing the frequency of ovulation. They do that via modifications in cervical mucus.
The latest Progestin-only birth control pills:
The third type of birth control pills is the extended cycle. They are called extended cycle pills because of effecting the menstrual cycle. That means a menstrual period only happens once upon 3 months. They also contain both estrogen and progestin to prevent women from getting pregnant.
The currently extended cycle pills are:
These oral medications to control fertility have shown fewer metabolic and androgenic effects than the first generations.
The triphasic pills contain three various amounts of estrogen and progestin that changes every 7 days. They are the latest low-dose birth pills. They have the lowest total dose of estrogen and progestin.
But, such low progestin pills may bring about estrogen undesirable effects.
On the other hand, high-dose progestin pills have significant metabolic effects.
For that reason, women with gynecological problems such as fibromas and endometriosis should be noted.
Side effects of birth control pills may be minor if correctly administered.
Remember that you should consult a health care provider to make sure which birth control pill is best for you.
How does the birth control pill work?
Combination pills and extended cycle pills can prevent pregnancy by preventing ovaries from releasing eggs.
When in fact, progestogen-only pills are active pills that don’t let sperm reach the eggs.
How to use these pills?
You have to take birth control pills daily at the same time.
You can’t miss even a single day.
Some Common brands offer 3-week packs that are enough for 21 days. While there are other packs for 28-day (4 weeks) use.
How Effective is the Birth Control Pill?
How effective a birth control pill is, depends on facts such as,
- Their ability to suppress ovulation
- Change the growth of the endometrium and ovum receptivity
- decrease the receptiveness of the cervical mucus to sperm.
Hormonal contraceptives (birth control pills) are all more than 99% effective.
A contraceptive pill is highly effective if you take them on a prescribed schedule.
Benefits and Side Effects
The side effects of birth control pills may differ by type and dose.
The estrogen pills (ethinyl estradiol) in doses of between 30 and 35 mcg may reduce the risk of estrogen side effects.
The FDA does not recommend contraceptive pills with an estrogen component for lactating mothers.
Whereas the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology believe it’s fine.
Side effects of progestins, namely norgestrel can be:
- Increase of coronary artery disease
- Weight gain
But, progestin can benefit women with:
- Menstrual blood loss
- Pain during menstruation
- Premenstrual tension
- Endometrial cancer risk
The ideal balance of estrogen-progestin relies on the person.
The best estrogen-progestin pills should have estrogen components between 30 and 35 mcg.
The least practicable dose of the progestin needed to lower metabolic adverse effects.
A drug interaction is likely if you take another newly prescribed drug. It is likely to experience sudden breakthrough bleeding or spotting.
Contraindications of taking oral contraceptives are as follows:
- Smoking after age 35
- History of breast cancer,
- Liver disease or impaired liver function
- Cardiovascular risk factors
- Diabetes mellitus
- History of endometrial cancer
What are the disadvantages of birth control pills?
The temporary disadvantages of a contraceptive pill can be as listed below.
- Breast tenderness
- Mood swings
- Breakthrough bleeding/Spotting
- High blood pressure
- Increased risk of breast cancer and blood clots
- Can’t protect against sexually transmitted infections (STI)
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Hormonal contraception. (2020, September 28). Retrieved October 30, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?search=Hormonal+contraception