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How To Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis (Bv)?

helpful ways to prevent bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a condition caused by changes in the population of specific kinds of bacteria in women’s vagina. 

Usually, this overgrowth of normal vaginal flora causes increased vaginal discharge that has a fish-like odor.

The discharge is thin and in either white or gray.

Bacterial vaginosis is a common vaginal infection. But don’t worry, there are helpful ways to prevent bacterial vaginosis.

Any woman in reproductive age ( up to 70%) can get BV.

Clinical reports say that about 30% of women ages 14 to 49 are affected In the United States.

In general, a decrease in the number of a genus of bacteria called Lactobacillus with excessive growth of anaerobic bacteria causes bacterial vaginosis.

Studies show that women are a greater likelihood to get bacterial vaginosis if they:

  • have multiple sexual partners
  • have had sexual relationships from an early age
  • are commercial sex workers
  • douching regularly

Bacterial vaginosis is treatable effortlessly with medicine. 

But if left untreated, BV increases the risk for future sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and causes problems during pregnancy.

It also provides an opportunity for other vaginal pathogens to enter your upper genital tract.

But, there are simple ways that can help you to prevent bacterial vaginosis and avoid its risk factors of health.

How To Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis?


Some tips might help you to lower the risk of bacterial vaginosis (BV) such as:

1. Keep the vaginal bacteria balanced


Do not wash inside of your vagina with warm water.

You should only use warm water to clean the outer part of your genitals (the vulva).

Take showers rather than baths.

Better not use soap, because any soaps can irritate your vagina.

Do not overwash your vagina.

Should not spend too long in hot baths or hot tubes such as jacuzzi.

Dry your vagina after washing, swimming, or doing sports.

Wipe from front to back to clean your anus in the toilet. That is to say, from the vagina to the anus.

Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear to Keep that cool.

Change your panties after swimming, exercise, or if they are wet.

2. Not douching


Douching decreases the number of good bacteria in the vagina and causes an imbalance of vaginal flora.

That's why doctors do not recommend douching for the sake of preventing bacterial vaginosis.

3. Avoid having multiple sex partners.


Scientists believe having multiple sex partners can increase the risk of getting BV.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459216/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9396917/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5621139/

https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/bacterial-vaginosis