Drug therapy for lowering a high BP is suggested when changes in diet and lifestyle are not effective enough to manage your hypertension.
In this case, antihypertensive drugs can be used for hypertension management.
This post will be covering the most popular medications for the treatment of high BP.
Table of Contents
The most commonly used Medication For High Blood Pressure
Nowadays, diuretics are the most popular medications for high blood pressure. These types of antihypertensive drugs help human kidneys to remove excess sodium and water.
For that reason, the volume of blood in the blood vessels decreases that results in bringing down high blood pressure.
Here is a list of diuretics:
Other First-line Treatment For Hypertension
First-line medications for the treatment of hypertension are:
1. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) drugs help to manage blood pressure by relaxing the arteries and veins that result in decreasing the volume of blood in our bodies.
Here are some of the ACE medications for the treatment of hypertension.
2. Beta-blockers are other medications for high blood pressure
Beta-blockers are medications that are mostly used to both managing high BP and abnormal heart rhythms.
They are used to help prevent a second heart attack in people who experience a heart attack.
But they are not the first drug of choice for hypertension in the first stages of treatments.
There exist a list of Beta-blockers in the following.
- Metoprolol tartrate
- Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
- Diltiazem Felodipine
3. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are a type of blood pressure drug that prevents your blood vessels from becoming smaller by blocking angiotensin II.
SO, they are able to regulate the blood flow in your body and your blood pressure lowers.
The most common ARBs are such as:
4. Calcium channel blockers CCBs
CCBs are used as a first-line for the treatment of hypertension in people who are suffering from high BP.
But, they are not the drug of choice for hypertension in case of chronic kidney disease.
In some cases, a person may need to use a combination of antihypertensive medications to lower their elevated blood pressure.
Those antihypertensive drugs can help bring BP to under 140/90 mm Hg.
Side Effects Of Blood Pressure Medication
Depends on what type of medications you use, some common side effects may happen, such as:
- Gastrointestinal disturbances
- Dry mouth
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